Overview of the Green Innovation Fund Projects

In October 2020, Japan declared that it aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, with the goal of reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050. Carbon neutrality by 2050 cannot be realized through ordinary efforts. It is necessary to significantly accelerate efforts toward structural changes in the energy and industrial sectors, and undertake bold investment for innovation.

METI decided to develop a Green Innovation Fund at the level of 2 trillion yen* as part of the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). The plan, based on the specific goals shared by public and private sectors, is to continuously support companies and other organizations for the coming ten years, which show their commitment to challenge such ambitious goals as their business issues ranging from research and development (R&D) to demonstrations to social implementation of the outcomes.

*300 billion yen has been added to the second supplementary budget for FY2022, and 456.4 billion yen will be added to the initial budget for FY2023 (as of July 2023).

Basic Policies for Green Innovation Fund (Summary)

01Purpose and Outline

To achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, METI established a 2 trillion-yen fund as part of NEDO and provide continuous support for R&D projects, demonstrations, and social implementation projects for up to 10 years to companies that commit to ambitious goals.

02Program Target

03Support Target

METI’s support will focus on priority fields for which implementation plans have been formulated within the Green Growth Strategy, or key fields for which a future roadmap has been presented based on the “Basic Policy for Realization of GX”, where policy effects are significant, and long-term continuous support is required to realize public implementation.

  • Average size of conventional R&D projects (20 billion yen) or more.
  • Projects for which short-term government support programs is sufficient are not eligible.
  • Main implementers should be companies or other profit-making businesses capable of carrying out the entire process of public implementation (participation of small and medium-sized venture companies is encouraged; participation of universities and research institutions is also expected).
  • The project must include innovative and fundamental R&D elements that are worthy of being commissioned by the government.

04Strategy for Maximizing Results

To ensure that research and development results are steadily implemented publicly, METI seeks the commitment of the managers of companies and other organizations to persevere in challenging these goals as long-term business issues.

(Efforts required of company managers)

  • Submission of the vision and the long-term business strategy at the time of application
  • Attendance and report to the WG
  • Submission of a management sheet showing the status of initiatives

(Implementation of a system to enhance commitment)

  1. If the status of the project is inadequate, the project will be canceled, and a portion of the consignment fee will be returned.
  2. Introduction of a system(an incentive measure)that allows the government to pay more depending on the degree of achievement of targets.


Build a highly transparent and effective governance system that incorporates the knowledge of external experts and close cooperation among related organizations.

1 A plan describing the project’s goals for 2030, R&D items, maturity level of the target technologies(TRL, etc.), budget scale, etc. (A draft of the plan is discussed by the WG.)
2 Including the division office in charge of the project in the relevant ministry or agency.

06Program Schedule

METI,March 12, 2021 Link: https://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2021/0312_002.html

14 priority fields for which implementation plans have been formulated within the Green Growth Strategy

Energy related industries

1. Offshore wind power Solar and geothermal industries
(Next-generation renewable energy)
2. Hydrogen and fuel ammonia industry
3. Next-generation heat energy industry
4. Nuclear industry*

*NEDO does not possess legal authority to carry out or support R&D activities that exclusively target nuclear power.

Transport/manufacturing industries

5. Automobile and battery industries
6. Semiconductor and information and communication industries
7. Shipping industry
8. Logistics, people flow, and civil engineering infrastructure industries
9. Food, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
10. Aircraft industry
11. Carbon Recycling and materials industry

Home/Office related industries

12. Housing and building industry and next-generation power management industry
13. Resource circulation-related industries
14. Lifestyle-related industries

Green Growth Strategy Through Achieving Carbon Neutrality in 2050(METI)

Links to related information