CO2 emissions from automobiles account for 16% of global CO2 emissions. In Japan, approximately 40% of such emissions originate from commercial vehicles. As efforts advance around the world to promote vehicle electrification to address global warming, the pace of introducing electric-powered commercial vehicles is lagging behind that of passenger cars due to their higher rates of utilization and larger levels of energy consumption.
Meeting the enormous recharging demand for commercial electric vehicles (EVs) may entail an increase in the social cost i.e., power grid reinforcement. In addition, transportation business costs due to the operation of commercial EVs are also expected to increase, including an increase in the amount of contracted electricity and installation/maintenance of charging facilities. Consequently, it has become necessary to develop integrated energy/fleet management systems that focus on the efficiency of commercial EV operations. It is also necessary to deploy and operate hydrogen fueling stations for commercial fuel cell electric vehicles (FCVs) in the most optimal manner since such stations are expensive to install.
To optimize costs and thereby encourage more widespread use of commercial EVs and FCVs, R&D and demonstration testing will be carried out under this project on the most suitable layouts for infrastructure and the optimization of energy consumption by using simulation technology based on external data, such as vehicle and driving operations, energy consumption, infrastructure utilization, and mapping. Moreover, with a view to collecting data for integrated energy/fleet management systems that promote the use of commercial EVs and FCVs, R&D will be carried out to demonstrate large-scale utilization of commercial EVs and FCVs by multiple transportation business operators.
［1］R&D for development of simulation model to promote widespread use of commercial EVs
In anticipation of a time when commercial EVs are widely used, a simulation model for an integrated energy/fleet management system will be developed that optimizes energy consumption and results in lower CO₂ emissions by reducing loads on energy systems and identifying the most suitable layouts for charging and hydrogen fueling infrastructures. Also, analyses will be conducted to ensure that the model can be utilized by companies in the transportation sector.
［2］R&D for development of integrated energy/fleet management system to realize large-scale introduction of commercial EVs
Developing and demonstrating systems which integrate energy management and fleet management will be carried out by transportation business operators, through obtaining data related to operational plans, vehicle usage, and energy consumption in their areas of business. In addition, issues such as the utilization of external data and state-of-the-art technologies will be also addressed.
Furthermore, as part of this project, companies participating in subjects 1 and 2 above will also collaborate with each other in sharing data and verifying the utility of those systems.
Up to 113 billion yen
CO2 Reduction Effect (World)
- In 2040
- Approximately 90 million tons/year
- In 2050
- Approximately 260 million tons/year
Economic Effect (World)
- In 2040
- Approximately 2.6 trillion yen/year
- In 2050
- Approximately 7.1 trillion yen/year
Research and Development Targets
- The below systems will be developed for verifying the utility of those systems in at least three scenarios of transportation business.
- System to propose an integrated energy/fleet management model that optimizes energy consumption and results in lower CO2 emissions to companies in the transportaion sector in anticipation of a time when commercial EVs and FCVs are widely used.
- System that simulates identifying the most suitable layouts for charging and hydrogen fueling infrastructures
- Developing and demonstrating systems which integrate energy management and fleet management will be carried out through obtaining data related to operational plans, vehicle usage, and energy consumption in their areas of business (e.g., 3-5 business offices, in mid-sized prefectures, and primary roads, keeping in mind factors such as the type of commercial vehicle and how it will be used).
- To realize a scenario where EVs are introduced seamlessly into transportation businesses, it will be necessary to utilize external data and state-of-the-art technologies (e.g., replaceable batteries, wireless charging) and also develop technologies to address technical issues.
Assumptions regarding estimates for CO₂ reduction effect
- Commercial EVs are expected to become widely used in line with IEA’s B2DS.
- EVs, PHEVs and FCEVs are expected to replace internal combustion vehicles and be equipped with technologies developed under this project, with Japanese vehicles accounting for approximately 10% of the global EV market in both 2040 and 2050.
Assumptions regarding estimates of economic effect
- Based on the number of EVs and PHEVs projected under IEA’s B2DS, and assuming that Japanese EVs and PHEVs equipped with technologies developed under this project will acquire 10 percent of the global market, sales volumes for 2040 and 2050 have been estimated in line with the IEA projection..
- Vehicle sale prices are expected to remain at the present level, i.e., 17 million yen for minibuses, 24 million yen for buses, 4 million yen for medium-freight trucks, and 19 million yen for heavy-freight trucks.
Project Implementing Entities
[Research and Development]
Construction of an integrated energy management system for operation management for EVs and FCVs as part of efforts for Smart Mobility Society Construction operations toward the creation of a smart mobility society
Research and development for constructing a simulation system for overall optimization of society at the time of full-scale spread of EVs and FCVs for commercial use
|Construction of a simulation system to optimize energy management and vehicle operation management as part of efforts for the introduction of EVs and FCVs.|
Research and development on operation management and integrated energy management, etc., at transportation companies, which is necessary to achieve the large-scale introduction of EVs and FCVs for commercial use
|Achievement of carbon neutrality by implementing electric collection/delivery vehicles (EVs) and by researching, developing, constructing and demonstrating operations management systems and energy management systems.|
|Development and Demonstration of Introduction and Operation of EVs to Realize Green Delivery|
|Construction and Social Implementation of an Energy Management System to Promote Electrified Vehicles in Commercial area|
|R&D and demonstration of converting taxi fleets to EVs and improving operational efficiency improvement of the dispatch system|
|Construction of EV Taxis Fleet and Energy Management Systems|
|R&D and demonstration of an integrated energy management system for operation management and supply/demand adjustments in order to convert route buses to EVs and to achieve carbon neutrality for transportation and the community|
|Development and demonstration of various advanced technologies that integrate electric bus fleet management systems and energy management systems|